General: As rainwater pipes are generally fitted externally, joints between each spigot and socket length do not need to be sealed. However offset fittings are sized to allow for push fit or solvent weld jointing. Gutter outlets are normally positioned directly above drain connections but on occasions it may be necessary to rotate the offset to avoid obstructions below. However when using the square downpipe system, the gutter outlet should be positioned directly above the rainwater drain connection, as square offsets cannot be rotated. Where a RH25 hopper head is used, the RLE3 outlet adaptor with a pipe socket are required to provide the necessary transition from circular to square.
1. Offset assembly
Offsets can be easily constructed on site from a range of bends depending on the roof overhang at the eaves. Where offsets exceed 600mm it is recommended that bends are solvent welded to gutter outlet spigots to ensure a positive connection. When two 87½° bends are used to construct an offset the horizontal section of pipe should be supported with a pipe clip from the soffit.
2. Location of pipe clips
Every rainwater pipe should have a clip located round the top socket to support the downpipe system. Intermediate clips should then be located at a maximum of 1.8m centres or in the middle of each length to maintain alignment. A gap of 10mm should be left between the end of each pipe and the bottom of the socket to allow for thermal movement. Two different pipe clip fixing methods are available. A one piece clip for flush fixing or a two piece clip to fit both the downpipe and pipe socket. These are used with backplate RCB300 and allow for adjustment. Each should be secured with two 32 x 6.5mm non-ferrous round head screws. An extension backplate RT200 can also be used for greater adjustment of the downpipe from the wall.
3. Drain connections
External rainwater pipes usually connect direct to the surface water drain. Where a direct connection is made a reducer and a short section of pipe is used to provide the transition between different pipe sizes. A gully trap will be required to both arrangements where the drain connects to a combined foul and surface water drainage system.